The simple present tense is a grammatical form used to describe actions, events, or states that are habitual, general truths, or facts. It is one of the basic tenses in English and is relatively straightforward to use.
Formation: The simple present tense is formed by using the base form of the verb (infinitive) for all subjects except the third person singular, which adds an “-s” or “-es” to the verb.
I play tennis every Saturday.
You speak English fluently.
We eat dinner together as a family.
Negative sentences: To form negative sentences, we use the auxiliary verb “do” (in the present tense) + “not” + the base form of the main verb.
I do not play soccer.
She does not like spicy food.
They do not watch TV in the morning.
Interrogative sentences: To form interrogative sentences, we use the auxiliary verb “do” (in the present tense) + the subject + the base form of the main verb. For the third person singular, we use “does” instead of “do.”
Do you like chocolate?
Does he play the guitar?
Do they speak French?
Habitual actions: The simple present tense is commonly used to describe actions that are repeated regularly or habits.
I brush my teeth twice a day.
They go for a jog every morning.
She reads a book before going to bed.
General truths and facts: The simple present tense is used to express general truths, facts, or statements that are always true.
The Earth revolves around the Sun.
Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
Birds have wings.
Scheduled events: The simple present tense can be used to describe scheduled events or actions that occur in the near future.
The meeting starts at 9 a.m.
The train departs in 10 minutes.
The concert begins tomorrow night.
Commentaries and instructions: The simple present tense is often used in commentaries, sports broadcasts, and instructions.
The referee blows the whistle.
Now, mix the ingredients together.
The announcer describes the game.
It’s important to note that the simple present tense does not indicate the action happening at the exact moment of speaking, but rather it describes ongoing actions, habitual actions, general truths, or scheduled events.